Publishers at The E-Book Starting Gate
The ibooks.com sale process mimics the traditional book sale process, in which a bookstore browser only has time to scan books quickly, not to read them in their entirety, in the store. With books sold only in their entirety, publishers can easily capitalize on existing customer loyalties and integrate e-book business operations into print book business operations.
E-book distributor and provider of e-book collections to academic, educational and corporate markets
At www.netLibrary.com, NetLibrary markets both digital libraries and individual e-books. The books are maintained in HTML format and rendered on the fly when accessed. If a library or organization has purchased 10 copies of one title, that means that only 10 people at a time may view that title.
Buyers can subscribe to access documents online, in which case the documents are simply not downloadable. Individual books have serial numbers; a NetLibrary proprietary program monitors usage. Because book borrowers access the system by entering a log-in name and password, NetLibrary can track system use and flag aberrations. If a user is rapidly viewing multiple pages of an e-book--a pattern that indicates the possibility of page-by-page printing--NetLibrary will display a copyright notice and instruct the user to discontinue his or her actions. If the pattern continues, the account becomes disabled for a period of time and the event is logged for tracking purposes.
When the user has permission to download files, files are encrypted and readable only by NetLibrary's proprietary reader software. NetLibrary does allow a few pages of a document to be copied, just as many people would copy a few pages of a borrowed library book, the company explains. However, the software does not allow wholesale copying; if an attempt to copy is detected the file will be destroyed. Files "lent" to users are destroyed automatically after one week.