Press Release: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Announces Second Quarter 2015 Results
Second Quarter 2015 Highlights:
- HMH captured 41% market share for the first half of the year in its addressable domestic education market for K-12 instructional materials.
- In line with its capital allocation strategy, under the Company’s share repurchase program, HMH repurchased $191 million of its common stock on the open market and through privately negotiated transactions during the second quarter.
- HMH completed its acquisition of Scholastic Corporation’s Educational Technology & Services division (“EdTech”) on May 29, 2015.
- Net sales declined 5% to $380 million compared with $402 million in the second quarter of 2014, primarily due to the anticipated contraction in HMH’s addressable domestic education market in 2015. On an organic basis, which excludes the contribution from the EdTech business, sales would have been $362 million.
- Billings declined approximately 15% to $436 million compared with $516 million in the second quarter of 2014 primarily due to the aforementioned contraction in the domestic education market.
- Net loss was $8 million compared with net income of $12 million in the second quarter of 2014.
- Adjusted EBITDA was $80 million — $30 million or 27% lower compared with $109 million in the second quarter of 2014 primarily due to lower net sales and increased cost of sales and selling and administrative costs. Adjusted cash EBITDA was $136 million, compared with $223 million in the second quarter of 2014, primarily reflecting the impact of lower billings and lower deferrals.
- Following the EdTech acquisition, the Company has revised its 2015 annual guidance on billings, net sales, pre-publication or content development costs.
“We continue to maintain a leading position in our core education market, while increasing our efforts in the consumer space and delivering a solid performance in our Trade segment. Our core business remains strong and we believe we are ideally positioned to capitalize on numerous growth opportunities in the second half of the year,” said Linda K. Zecher, President and Chief Executive Officer, of HMH. “The closing of the EdTech acquisition this quarter also marked the start of an exciting new chapter for HMH. The solutions and capabilities from this business not only enhance our position in the intervention space, but also serve as a launching pad for development of next-generation digital tools and growth in other adjacent markets.”
Eric Shuman, Chief Financial Officer of HMH, stated, “Through the first half of the year, we captured the leading market share, despite anticipated contraction in the adoption market in 2015, which demonstrates the underlying strength of our business. We believe that this leading market share will continue in the second half of the year and, along with the EdTech acquisition, strengthen our billings and revenue as reflected in our revised guidance. Further, we believe, our ongoing operations and strong balance sheet will enable us to make key investments that will pave the way for future growth in a way that will bring value to our stockholders.”
Second Quarter 2015 Business Highlights:
Education Segment: HMH continued to see encouraging demand for its education products in the second quarter of 2015. For the first half of 2015, HMH captured an approximate 41% percent market share within its addressable domestic education market with key wins in California, Florida, Texas, and South Carolina. In Texas, the Company continued to capture a leading market share in the math adoption and a greater than expected market share in the social studies adoption.
In the consumer space, HMH recently re-launched Cliffsnotes.com to provide an improved user interface, refreshed branding, mobile responsive design, and enhanced search functionality for its five million unique monthly visitors. The Company also grew its e-commerce revenue year to date almost 60 percent over the prior year due to sales from its redesigned flagship website hmhco.com.
Trade Publishing Segment: In the second quarter, HMH’s Trade Publishing results were driven by strong net sales from its culinary line. The Whole30 has remained on the New York Times best-seller list since its April release and continues to perform well across all channels. Adding to its culinary lineup, HMH has announced plans for a new partnership with the Weber Grill Company beginning in the spring of 2016. Additionally, Randall Monroe’s What If? remains a strong seller ahead of the release of his much-anticipated The Thing Explainer, which is slated for November 2015.
Acquisition of EdTech Business: On May 29, 2015, HMH completed its acquisition of the EdTech business for $575 million in cash subject to working capital adjustments. The acquisition provides HMH with market-leading intervention curriculum and services and extends the Company’s product offerings in other key growth areas, including educational technology, early learning, and education services, creating a more comprehensive offering for students, teachers and schools. The transaction, in line with HMH’s capital allocation strategy, is expected to be accretive to HMH’s net income and free cash flow in 2016 and to yield synergies in 2016 and beyond with annual cost savings of $10 to $20 million.
Second Quarter 2015 Financial Results
Net Sales: Net sales for the three months ended June 30, 2015 decreased $22 million to $380 million, down 5% year-over-year, from $402 million. Excluding the contribution from EdTech, net sales would have been $362 million. Net sales for HMH’s Education segment decreased $22 million year-over-year from $365 million to $342 million, primarily driven by the domestic education business, which decreased by $29 million due to the strength of Texas Math and Science adoptions in 2014, and to a lesser extent Florida, as well as the overall smaller adoption market in 2015. The decline in net sales was partially offset by stronger performance in California and South Carolina as well as a $4 million year-over-year increase in consumer net sales, and a $3 million increase in international sales. Second quarter 2015 net sales for HMH’s Trade Publishing segment remained flat at $37 million, the same as the second quarter of 2014, driven by strong net sales of front-list culinary titles such as The Whole 30, The Real Paleo Diet Cookbook and Cake My Day as well as of the Newbery Medal winning children’s book The Crossover offsetting stronger prior year sales of Lois Lowry’s title The Giver.
Cost of Sales: Overall cost of sales in the second quarter 2015 decreased 4%, or $9 million, to $215 million compared to $224 million in the second quarter of 2014. During this period, cost of sales, excluding pre-publication and publishing rights amortization, grew by $1 million year-over-year from $167 million to $168 million. As a percent of net sales, cost of sales, excluding pre-publication and publishing rights amortization increased from 42% to 44% primarily attributed to a change in HMH’s product mix and increase in technology costs to support our digital products. The decrease in cost of sales was primarily attributed to a $9 million reduction in net amortization expense related to publishing rights and pre-publication costs primarily due to the use of accelerated amortization methods.
Selling and Administrative Costs: Selling and administrative costs in the second quarter of 2015 increased $18 million or 12% year-over-year to $171 million from $152 million in the prior year, primarily due to $13 million of higher professional and legal fees associated with the Company’s recent secondary offering and the EdTech acquisition and a $9 million increase attributed to the acquisition of EdTech, partially offset by cost containment initiatives.
Operating Loss: Operating loss for the three months ended June 30, 2015 increased $29 million from operating income of $18 million in the second quarter of 2014 to a loss of $11 million, primarily due to the aforementioned changes in net sales, cost of sales, and selling and administrative costs.
Net Loss: HMH recorded a net loss of $8 million in the second quarter of 2015 compared to net income of $12 million in the same quarter of 2014 primarily due to the same factors impacting operating loss as well as a $2 million increase in interest expense, a $2 million loss on the extinguishment of debt, and an $11 million income tax benefit in the second quarter 2015 compared to a $2 million income tax expense in the same period last year.
Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Cash EBITDA: Adjusted EBITDA for the second quarter of 2015 was $80 million compared to $109 million in the same quarter for 2015. Adjusted EBITDA in HMH’s Education segment was $86 million, compared with $119 million in the same quarter last year, and $0.4 million for the Trade Publishing segment compared to $2 million in the second quarter of 2014. Corporate and Other costs, which represent certain general overhead costs not fully allocated to the business segments, such as legal, accounting, treasury, human resources, technology, and executive functions, were a loss of $7 million for the quarter compared with a loss of $12 million in the year-ago period. Adjusted cash EBITDA, defined as adjusted EBITDA plus the change in deferred revenue, was $136 million in the second quarter of 2015 compared with $223 million in the second quarter of 2014.
Cash Flow: Net cash used in operating activities for the six months ended June 30, 2015 was $135 million as compared with $132 million for the same period in 2014. The $3 million increase is primarily driven by less profitable operations, net of depreciation and amortization of $41 million, partially offset by favorable working capital changes of $38 million. HMH’s free cash flow, defined as net cash from operating activities minus capital expenditures, for the six months ended June 30, 2015 was a usage of $212 million compared with a usage of $225 million for the same period in 2014. As of June 30, 2015, HMH had $319 million of cash and cash equivalents and short-term investments compared to $743 million at December 31, 2014.
During the second quarter, HMH repurchased over eight million shares of its common stock for approximately $191 million on the open market and through privately negotiated transactions. The repurchases were part of HMH’s previously authorized share repurchase program, through which it may repurchase up to $500 million in aggregate value of the Company’s common stock over a period of two years from May of 2015.
This share repurchase program aligns with HMH’s broader capital allocation strategy, which focuses on driving organic growth, pursuing strategic acquisition opportunities and returning capital to stockholders, when appropriate.
Following the EdTech acquisition, the Company has revised its 2015 annual guidance on billings, net sales, pre-publication or content development costs.
HMH now expects 2015 billings to be 2% to 6% higher than the 2014 billings of $1,602 million and total net sales in 2015 to increase by 9% to 12% over 2014 net sales of $1,372 million. Additionally, pre-publication or content development spend for 2015 is now expected to be approximately $130 million to $140 million. HMH’s addressable domestic education market, the market where it primarily sells its instructional resources for grades K through 12, is expected to remain at $2.7 billion in 2015.
At 8:30 a.m. EDT on Thursday, August 6, 2015, HMH will also host a conference call to discuss the results with its investors. The call will be webcast live at www.ir.hmhco.com. The following information is provided for investors who would like to participate:
Toll Free: (844) 835-6565
International: (484) 653-6719
Moderator: Rima Hyder, Vice President, Investor Relations
Webcast Link: http://edge.media-server.com/m/p/ucino23k
An archived webcast with the accompanying slides will be available at ir.hmhco.com for one year for those unable to participate in the live event. An audio replay of this conference will also be available until August 13, 2015 via the following telephone numbers: (855) 859-2056 in the United States and (404) 537-3406 internationally using passcode 76128451.
Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures
To supplement our financial statements presented in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP), we have presented adjusted EBITDA, adjusted cash EBITDA, billings and free cash flow as non-GAAP measures in addition to our GAAP results. This information should be considered as supplemental in nature and should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for the related financial information prepared in accordance with GAAP. Management believes that the presentation of these non-GAAP measures provides useful information to investors regarding our results of operations because it assists both investors and management in analyzing and benchmarking the performance and value of our business.
Management believes that the presentation of adjusted EBITDA provides an indicator of our performance that is not affected by debt restructurings, fluctuations in interest rates or effective tax rates, non-cash charges, or levels of depreciation or amortization along with cost such as severance, facility closure cost, and acquisition cost. Accordingly, our management believes that this measurement is useful for comparing our performance from period to period. In addition, targets and positive trends in adjusted cash EBITDA and billings are used as performance measures and to determine certain compensation of management. Management believes that the presentation of adjusted cash EBITDA and billings also provide useful information to our investors and management as an indicator of our cash performance as it takes into account our deferred revenue and is not affected by the aforementioned items excluded from adjusted EBITDA. Management also believes that the presentation of free cash flow provides useful information to our investors because management regularly reviews free cash flow as an important indicator of how much cash is generated by normal business operations, including capital expenditures, and makes decisions based on it.
Other companies may define these non-GAAP measures differently and, as a result, our measure of these non-GAAP measures may not be directly comparable to adjusted EBITDA, adjusted cash EBITDA, billings and free cash flow of other companies. Although we use non-GAAP measures as financial measures to assess the performance of our business, the use of non-GAAP measures are limited as they include and/ or do not include certain items not included and/or included in the most directly comparable GAAP measure. Billings, adjusted EBITDA and adjusted cash EBITDA should be considered in addition to, and not as a substitute for, net income or loss prepared in accordance with GAAP as a measure of performance; and free cash flow should be considered in addition to, and not as a substitute for, net cash provided by operating activities prepared in accordance with GAAP as a measure of performance. Adjusted EBITDA and adjusted cash EBITDA are not intended to be a measure of liquidity nor is free cash flow intended to be a measure for discretionary use. You are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these non-GAAP measures. A reconciliation of non-GAAP financial measures to the most directly comparable GAAP financial measures is provided in the appendix to this news release.
About Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
Houghton Mifflin Harcourt (NASDAQ:HMHC) is a global learning company dedicated to changing people’s lives by fostering passionate, curious learners. As a leading provider of pre-K–12 education content, services, and cutting-edge technology solutions across a variety of media, HMH enables learning in a changing landscape. HMH is uniquely positioned to create engaging and effective educational content and experiences from early childhood to beyond the classroom. HMH serves more than 50 million students in over 150 countries worldwide, while its award-winning children's books, novels, non-fiction, and reference titles are enjoyed by readers throughout the world. For more information, visit www.hmhco.com.